Ann C. Macaulay


Ann C. Macaulay, CM MD FCFP FRCPC (Hon) - PRAM Founding Director & Professor of Family Medicine


Ann C. Macaulay CM, MD, FCFP is a Professor of Family Medicine at McGill University and Inaugural Director of Participatory Research at McGill whose mission is to promote all forms of participatory research, and contribute to the academic understanding of this collaborative approach to creating action-oriented knowledge. She has been honoured with lifetime achievement awards in family medicine and primary care research from the College of Family Physicians of Canada-CFPC (2011) and the North American Primary Care Research Group-NAPCRG (2009); was named College of Family Physicians of Canada-CFPC Family Medicine Researcher of the Year (2008) for contributions to participatory research; was inducted to the Order of Canada (2006) for contributions to Aboriginal Health; is a foreign member of the Institute of Medicine of the US National Academies; and past Advisory Board Member, Institute of Aboriginal Peoples Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Dr. Macaulay has practiced community-based medicine since 1969 and has been engaged in community-based participatory research since 1994.

Recent Publications

Salsberg J; Macridis S; Garcia Bengoechea E; Macaulay AC; Moore S. The Shifting Dynamics of Social Roles and Project Ownership over the Lifecycle of a Community-Based Participatory Research Project. Family Practice (Advance Access - first Published online - 21 Feb 2017). 2017

Salsberg J; Macridis S; Garcia Bengoechea E; Macaulay AC; Moore S. Engagement Strategies that Foster Community Self-Determination in Participatory Research: Insider Ownership Through Outsider Championship. Family Practice (Advance Access - first published on line 18 Feb. 2017). 2017

Ramsden V, Salsberg J, Herbert C, Westfall J, LeMaster J, Macaulay AC. Patient and community oriented research: How is authentic engagement identified in grant applications?. Canadian Family Physician. January 2017, vol.63 no.1 74-76. 2017

Macaulay AC. Participatory research: What is the history? Has the purpose changed?. Family Practice (2016 - advance access - first published online: December 18, 2016). 2016

Allen ML, Salsberg J, Knot M, Lemaster J, Felzien M, Westfall JM, Herbert C, Vickery K, Culhane-Pera K, Ramsden V, Zittleman L, Martin R, Macaulay AC. Engaging with Communities, Engaging with Patients: Amendment to the NAPCRG 1998 Policy Statement on Ethical Research With Communities. Family Practice (Advance Access - First published online: August 19, 2016). 2016

James Harris, Ruth Elwood Martin, Heather Filek, Ann C. Macaulay, Jane A. Buxton, Marla Buchanan, Mo Korchinski, Veronika Moravan, Vivian Ramsden. Familial support impacts incarcerated womens housing stability. Housing, Care and Support. Vol. 18 Issue: 3/4, pp.80-88. 2015

Annie Dube, Gillian Bartlett, Juana Morales, Andrea Evans, Alison Doucet, Alexander Caudarella, Melissa Roy, Doaa Farid, Ann C. Macaulay. The Chilcapamba-McGill Partnership: Exploring Access to Maternal and Newborn Care in Indigenous Communities of Ecuador. Progress in Community Health Partnerships, vol. 9(3). 2015

Jagosh J, Bush PL, Salsberg J, Macaulay AC, Greenhalgh T, Wong G, Cargo M, Green LW, Herbert CP, Pluye P. A Realist Evaluation of Community-Based Participatory Research: Partnership synergy, trust building and related ripple effects. BMC Public Health, 15:725. 2015

Salsberg J, Macridis S, Garcia Bengoechea E, Macaulay AC, Moore S, Members of the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project - School Travel Planning Committee. Engaging Community Stakeholders for School-Based Physical Activity Intervention. Retos - Nuevas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion, No. 28. 2015

Salsberg J, Parry D, Pluye P, Macridis S, Herbert S, and Macaulay AC. Successful Strategies to Engage Research Partners for Translating Evidence into Action in Community Health: A Critical Review. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2015

Gill KJ, Campbell E, Gauthier G, Xenocostas S, Charney D, Macaulay AC. From policy to practice: implementing frontline community health services for substance dependence - study protocol. Implementation Sci. 9:108. 2014

Salsberg J, Macaulay AC, Parry D. Guide to Integrated Knowledge Translation Research. In, Ian D. Graham, Jacqueline M. Tetroe, and Alan Pearson, Eds. Turning Knowledge into Action: Practical Guidance on How to Do Integrated Knowledge Translation Research. Book 21 in the Synthesis Science in Healthcare book series. Wolters Kluwer-Joanna Briggs Institute. 2014

Hogan L, Garcia-Bengoechea E, Salsberg J, Jacobs J, King M, Macaulay AC. Using a participatory approach to the development of a school-based physical activity policy in an Indigenous community. Journal of School Health, 2014 Dec. Vol. 84(12). 2014

Macaulay AC and Salsberg J. Health Care. In David Coghlan and Mary Brydon-Miller, eds. SAGE Encyclopedia of Action Research. 2014

Jones, Derek J; Bush, Paula L; and Macaulay, Ann C. Beyond Consent: Respect for Community in Genetic Research. In: eLS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester [DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005179.pub2]. 2014

Martin RE, Adamson S, Korchinski M, Granger-Brown A, Ramsden VR, Buxton JA, Espinoza-Magana N, Pollock SL, Smith MJF, Macaulay AC, Condello LL, Hislop TG. Incarcerated women develop a nutrition and fitness program: participatory research. International Journal of Prisoner Health, vol.9(3), p.142-150. 2013

Macaulay AC, Jagosh J, Pluye P, Bush P, Salsberg J. Quantitative Methods in Participatory Research: Being sensitive to issues of scientific validity, community safety, and the academic-community relationship. La Revue Nouvelles Practiques Sociales, Vol.25(2), p.159-172. 2013

Jagosh J, Pluye P, Wong G, Cargo M, Salsberg J, Bush PL, Herbert CP, Green LW, Greenhalgh T, Macaulay AC. Critical Reflections on Realist Review: Insights From Customizing the Methodology to the Needs of Participatory Research Assessment. Research Synthesis Methods, Vol. 4(4). 2013

Loignon C, Hudon C, Boudreault-Fournier A, Dupere S, Macaulay AC, Pluye P, Gaboury I, Haggerty JL, Fortin M, Goulet E, Lambert M, Pelissier-Simard L, Boyer S, de Laat M, Lemire F, Champagne L, Lemieux M. Transforming primary healthcare by including the stakeholders involved in delivering care to people living in poverty: EQUIhealThY study protocol. BMC Health Serv Res. 2013 Mar 11;13(1):92. 2013

Salsberg J., Macaulay AC. Linkage and Exchange Interventions. Ch. 3.4.c in, Sharon Straus, Jacqueline Tetroe and Ian D. Graham (Eds.). Knowledge Translation in Health Care: Moving from Evidence to Practice, 2nd Edition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell/BMJ Books. ISBN: 978-1-1184-1354-8. 2013

Martin RE, Hanson D, Hemingway C, Ramsden V, Buxton J, Granger-Brown A, Condello L, Macaulay A, Janssen P, Hislop TG. Homelessness as viewed by incarcerated women: participatory research. International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol.8(3/4), p.108-116. 2012

Jagosh J, Macaulay AC, Pluye P, Salsberg J, Bush PL, Henderson J, Sirett E, Wong G, Cargo M, Herbert CP, Seifer SD, Green LW, Greenhalgh T. Uncovering the Benefits of Participatory Research: Implications of a Realist Review for Health Research and Practice. Milbank Quarterly, 90(2). 2012

Salsberg J, Seller R, Shea L, Macaulay AC. A Needs Assessment Informs Development of a Participatory Research Faculty Development Workshop. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement. Volume 16(1), p. 183-93. 2012

Buchanan M, Murphy K, Smith Martin M, Korchinski M, Buxton J, Granger-Brown A, Hanson D, Hislop G, Macaulay AC, Martin R. Understanding Incarcerated Women's Perspectives on Substance Use: Catalysts, Reasons for Use, Consequences, and Desire for Change. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 2011;50(2):81-100. 2011

Bhattacharyya OK, Rasooly IR, Naqshbandi M, Estey EA, Esler J, Toth E, Macaulay AC, Harris SB. Challenges to the Provision of Diabetes Care in First Nations Communities: Results from a National Survey of Healthcare Providers in Canada. BMC Health Services Research 2011;11:283. 2011

Naqshbandi, M., Harris, S.B., Macaulay, A.C., Comeau, J., Piche J., & Montour-Lazare, D. Lessons learned in using community-based participatory research to build a national diabetes collaborative in Canada. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action 2011; 5.4: 405-415.. 2011

AC Macaulay, E Sirett, PL Bush. Community-Based Participatory Research. Oxford Bibliographies Online: Public Health. Ed. LW Green. OUP: The Oxford University Press. 2011

Cargo, M, Delormier, T, Levesque, L, McComber, A, Macaulay, AC. Community capacity as an "inside job": Evolution of perceived ownership of a university-Aboriginal community partnership. American Journal of Health Promotion, 26(2), 96-100. 2011

Malus M, Shulha M, Granikov V, Johnson-Lafleur J, d'Souza V, Knot M, Holcroft C, Hung K, Periera I, Riccuto C, Salsberg J, Macaulay AC. A Participatory Approach to Understanding and Measuring Patient Satisfaction in a Primary Care Teaching Setting. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education and Action, Volume 5, Issue 4, Winter 2011 pp. 417-424. 2011

Pace R, Pluye P, Bartlett G, Macaulay AC, Salsberg J, Jagosh J, Seller R.. Testing the reliability and efficiency of the pilot Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) for systematic mixed studies review. Int J Nurs Stud [2011 Aug 9. Epub ahead of print]. 2011

Pelletier JF, Lesage A, Delorme A, Macaulay AC, Salsberg J, Vallee C, Davidson L. User-led Research: A Global and Person-Centered Initiative. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion. Vol 13(1). 2011

J Jagosh, P Pluye, AC Macaulay, J Salsberg, J Henderson, E Sirett, PL Bush, R Seller, G Wong, T Greenhalgh, M Cargo, CP Herbert, SD Seifer, LW Green. Assessing the Outcomes of Participatory Research: Protocol for Identifying, Selecting and Appraising the Literature for Realist Review. Implementation Science, 6(24). 2011

AC Macaulay, J Jagosh, R Seller, J Henderson, M Cargo, T Greenhalgh, G Wong, J Salsberg, LW Green, C Herbert, P Pluye. Benefits of Participatory Research: A Rationale For a Realist Review. Global Health Promotion, 18(2); 45-48. 2011

Macaulay AC. Improving aboriginal health: How can health care professionals contribute?. Can Fam Physician. 2009 Apr;55(4):334-9. 2009

Mercille G, Receveur O, Macaulay AC. Are snacking patterns associated with risk of overweight among Kahnawake schoolchildren?. Public Health Nutr. 2009 Aug 4:1-9. 2009

D. Parry, J. Salsberg, AC. Macaulay. A Guide to Researcher and Knowledge-User Collaboration in Health Research. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). 2009

Pluye P, Grad RM, Repchinsky C, Farrell B, Johnson-Lafleur J, Bambrick T, Dawes M, Bartlett G, Rodriguez C, Jovaisas B, Fortin K, Tufts-Conrad D, Salsberg J, Macaulay A, Legare; F & Loiselle C. IAM: A comprehensive and systematic information assessment method for electronic knowledge resources. In A. Dwivedi (Ed.), Handbook of Research on IT Management and Clinical Data Administration in Healthcare. Hershey: IGI Publishing. 2009

JM. Westfall, LJ. Fagnan, M. Handley, J. Salsberg, P. McGinnis, LK. Zittleman, AC. Macaulay. Practice-Based Research is Community Engagement. J of the American Board of Fam Med 22 (4): 423-427. 2009

Cargo M, Delormier T, Lévesque L, Horn-Miller K, McComber A, Macaulay AC. Can the democratic ideal of participatory research be achieved? An inside look at an academic-indigenous community partnership. Health Educ Res. 2008 Oct;23(5):904-14. Epub 2008 Jan 10. 2008

Receveur O, Morou K, Gray-Donald K, Macaulay AC. Consumption of key food items is associated with excess weight among elementary-school-aged children in a Canadian first nations community. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008 Feb;108(2):362-6. 2008

J. Salsberg, AC. Macaulay. Building Capacity for Participatory Research at McGill University. Proceedings of the 3rd Community-University Exposition (CUExpo), Victoria BC, May 5-7 2008. 2008

Macaulay AC. Promoting participatory research by family physicians. Ann Fam Med. 2007 Nov-Dec;5(6):557-60. 2007

Horn OK, Jacobs-Whyte H, Ing A, Bruegl A, Paradis G, Macaulay AC. Incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the First Nation community of Kahnaw√°:ke, Quebec, Canada, 1986-2003. Can J Public Health. 2007 Nov-Dec;98(6):438-43. 2007

AC. Macaulay, A. Ing, J. Salsberg, A. McGregor, C. Saad-Haddad, J. Rice, L. Montour, K. Gray-Donald. Community-based participatory research: sharing results with the community. An example of knowledge translation from the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education and Action 1(2), 143-152. 2007. 2007

J. Salsberg, S. Louttit, AM. McComber, R. Fiddler, M. Naqshbandi, O. Receveur, SB. Harris, AC Macaulay. Knowledge, Capacity and Readiness: Translating Successful Experiences in CBPR for Health Promotion. Pimatisiwin: A Journal of Indigenous and Aboriginal Community Health 5(2) 2007. 2007

Macaulay AC, Nutting PA. Moving the frontiers forward: incorporating community-based participatory research into practice-based research networks. Ann Fam Med. 2006 Jan-Feb;4(1):4-7. 2006

Hueston WJ, Mainous AG 3rd, Weiss BD, Macaulay AC, Hickner J, Sherwood RA; North American Primary Care Research Group; Society of Teachers of Family Medicine. Protecting participants in family medicine research: a consensus statement on improving research integrity and participants' safety in educational research, community-based participatory research, and practice network research. Fam Med. 2006 Feb;38(2):116-20. 2006

M. Cargo, J. Salsberg, T. Delormier, S. Desrosiers, AC Macaulay. Understanding the social context of school health promotion program implementation. Health Education. 106(2), 85-97. 2006

Paradis G, Lévesque L, Macaulay AC, Cargo M, McComber A, Kirby R, Receveur O, Kishchuk N, Potvin L. Impact of a diabetes prevention program on body size, physical activity, and diet among Kanien'keha:ka (Mohawk) children 6 to 11 years old: 8-year results from the Kahnawake Schools Diabetes Prevention Project. Pediatrics. 2005 Feb;115(2):333-9. 2005

Costa J, Herbert C, Macaulay AC. Participatory research in primary care. J Interprof Care. 2004 Nov;18(4):451-3. 2004

AC Macaulay, SB Harris, L. Lévesque, M. Cargo, E. Ford, J. Salsberg, et al. Primary prevention of type 2 diabetes: Experiences of two Aboriginal communities in Canada. Canadian Journal of Diabetes. 29(4) December 2003. 2003